Endell Veterinary Group

Mon to Fri

8:30am - 6:00pm

Saturday

8:30am - 12:00pm

Salisbury Vets dealing with all types of small animals and pets.

Call: 01722 333291 | Email
Please note that appointments cannot be made by email

Small Animal Department
Professional care for your animals at all times

Glossary

Some of the technical terms we use can be quite confusing and it can be a bit like having to learn a foreign language to understand us! The following list describes, in very simple terms, some of the common words we might use when discussing your pet’s health include:

A

Addisons

an illness caused by a deficiency of a hormone produced by the adrenal gland; also called hypoadrenocorticism

Adenocarcinoma

a malignant tumour arising from glandular tissue

Allergy

an abnormal reaction following exposure to an allergen

Allergen

a substance capable of inducing allergy or hypersensitivity

Aalopecia

deficiency of hair caused by failure to grow or abnormal loss

Anaemia

a reduction below normal of the number of red blood cells

Anaesthetic

an agent used to produce anaesthesia

Anatomy

the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms

Antibody

specialized proteins produced by white blood cells that protect the body

Antigen

a substance that can induce an immune response

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint

Aural

relating to the ear

Autoimmune Disease

a disease caused by an antibody or immune response against the body's own tissue

Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia

a disease caused by antibodies that react against the body's red blood cells causing a reduction in numbers of red blood cells

B

Benign

not malignant or recurrent - favourable for recovery

Bronchitis

inflammation of the large airways within the lungs

Bile Acids

steroid acids derived from cholesterol used in blood tests as a measure liver function

C

Calcinosis Circumscripta

localized deposits of calcium commonly in the skin

Campylobacter

bacterium that often causes tummy upsets; can be transmitted to people

Cancer

a tumour - can be benign or malignant

Carcinoma

a malignant tumour that can affect mammary glands, womb, intestines, skin and
tongue

Cardiomyopathy

a disease of the heart muscle

Cataracts

opacity of the lens of the eye

Cerebellum

part of the brain

Cervical

relating to the neck; or to the cervix

Chemotherapy

treatment of illness by chemical means usually used when referring to treatment of
cancers

Cleft Palate

a split in the roof of the mouth

Congenital

present at or existing from birth

Cruciate Ligament

cross shaped band of fibrous tissue in the knee joint

Cryptorchid

where a testis does not descend properly into the scrotum

Cushings

an illness caused by excess of a hormone produced by the pituitary gland of the brain; also called hyperadrenocorticism or HAC

Cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

D

Demodectic Mange

a skin disease caused by a mite

Dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

Diabetes

diseases characterized by excess drinking and urinating

Diabetes Mellitus

disease characterized by excess drinking and urinating as a result of abnormal blood sugar control

Dysplasia

an abnormality of development; or an alteration in size, shape and organization of adult cells

E

Ectopic Cilia

a eyelash [cilia] growing in an abnormal position [ectopic]

Ectropion

turning outwards - usually used to describe a condition of the eyelids

Entropion

turning inwards - usually used to describe a condition of the eyelids

Epilepsy

disturbance of the nervous tissues in the brain often resulting in fits

F

Fading Puppy/Kitten

puppies or kittens apparently normal at birth that slowly weaken and die

Fragmented Coronoid Process

developmental lesion of young dogs that causes lameness in the forelimb;also known as FCP

Fibrosarcoma

a malignant tumour occurring in many organs

Fracture

a break especially of a bone

G

GDV/Bloat

Gastric Dilatation Volvulus - distended stomach which sometimes also twists associated with high mortality rate

Glomerulonephritis

inflammatory condition of the kidneys

H

Haemangiosarcoma

a malignant tumour occurring in the spleen, liver, skin, heart and muscle

Haematoma

a collection of blood, like a blood clot, outside of a blood vessel

Hernia

a weak spot or opening allows tissues to protrude through to rest in an abnormal
position

Hip Dysplasia

a disease affecting the hip joint, the degree to which it occurs can be inherited

Hyperthyroid

excessive activity of the thyroid gland resulting in high levels of thyroxine; very common in cats

Hypothyroid

a deficiency of thyroid gland activity resulting in low levels of thyroxine; common in
dogs

Hot Spot

synonym for acute moist dermatitis a superficial bacterial infection of the skin usually caused by self trauma

Hyper

abnormally increased; excessive; over

Hypo

abnormally decreased; deficient; beneath; under

I

Idiopathic

occurring without known cause

Incontinence

inability to control excretory functions

Intervertebral disc

pad of fibrocartilage between two vertebrae

Intsussusception

prolapse of one part of the intestine into an adjacent part of intestine

J

Jejunum

part of the small intestine

K

Keratitis

inflammation of the cornea of the eye

L

Leukaemia

a progressive malignant disease of the blood or bone marrow

Luxation

dislocation

Lymphoma

a cancer of lymphoid tissue

Lymphosarcoma

a malignant cancer of lymphoid tissue

M

Malignant

tending to become progressively worse and result in death

Mast Cell Tumour

a tumour of mast cells; usually occurs as a growth in the skin; can be benign or
malignant

Mastitis

inflammation of the mammary gland [breast tissue]

Megaoesophagus

chronic dilatation and lack of tone of the oesophagus [gullet]

Meningitis

inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

Mitral Valve Defect

a problem affecting the valves in the left side of the heart

Murmur

an abnormal sound heard when listening to the heart

N

Nephron

structural and functional unit of the kidney

O

Osteochondritis Dissecans

inflammation of the bone and cartilage; also known as OCD

P

Pain

the feeling of distress, suffering or agony caused by stimulation of nerve endings

Pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

Panosteitis

inflammation of every part of a bone

Patella

kneecap

Patent Ductus Areteriosus

abnormality of the large vessels serving the heart persisting after birth; also known as
PDA

Pemphigus

immune mediated disease affecting the skin and mucous membranes

Pica

craving for unnatural items of food or depraved appetite

Pituitary

a gland at the base of the brain that produces hormones

Portosystemic Shunt

persistence of particular blood vessel in the liver beyond birth; also known as PSS

Pre-medication

agents given to produce sedation or narcosis prior to general anaesthesia

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

advancing disease affecting eyesight; also known as PRA

Prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate

Pulse Oximeter

a device used to monitor blood oxygen levels

Pyoderma

purulent skin disease

Pyometra

accumulation of pus in the womb

Q

Quarantine

period of restrictions placed on entering or leaving a premises where communicable disease is suspected

R

Radiography

the making of records of internal structures of the body using x-rays

S

Salmonella

bacterium that can cause serious illness

Sarcoptic Mange

an intensely itchy skin disease caused by a mite

Sebaceous Adenitis

inflammation of the glands in the skin that secrete oil

Seborrhoea

abnormal secretion from the oil glands of the skin causing dandruff to greasy scales

Staphylococcus

bacteria that normally lives on the skin and respiratory tract but can cause serious
illness

Stenosis

a narrowing or constriction

Streptococcus

bacterium that can cause serious illness

Systemic Lupus Erythematosis

a multisystem autoimmune disease; also known as SLE

T

Thrombocytopaenia

a reduction in the number of circulating platelets

Thryroid

a gland in the neck that secretes hormones that control aspects of metabolism

U

Ununited

failure of closure

Uroliths

a stone in the urine or urinary tract

V

Von Willebrands Disease

a congenital disorder of the blood resulting in prolonged bleeding times; also known as VWD

W

Weil's Disease

human leptospirosis

X

Xiphisternum

sword shaped cartilage at the posterior end of the sternum

Y

Yersinia

a bacterium that causes septicaemia often with gastro-intestinal signs and can be fatal; also known as pseudoTB

Z

Zoonosis

disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans

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